The Judean mountains are a part of the central mountain range of Israel, stretching from north to south along the country. They are towering up to an altitude of over 1000m above sea level and forms a natural division between the coastal plains to the west and the Dead sea valley to the east. The big difference in height between the two sides causes an air pressure difference which leaves the east side rainfall scanty (a rain shadow desert), while the west side gets plenty of rain and therefore dense with natural groves as well as planted forests. The sedimentary rock formations of the Judean mountains, consist of limestone and dolomite rocks, is rich with natural spring, spouting between the rock layers. These springs have enabled a steady water supply for agriculture and have made the region fertile since ancient times.
The Aminadav ridge, by the west outskirts of Jerusalem, has an unusually large amount of spring along its surrounding slopes, a beautiful path is circling the ridge, allowing hikers and bikers to enjoy the small refreshing ponds, the tranquility of green nature and the stunning views.